Little is thought about the life of Leonardo da Vinci. He stored copious notebooks, however these include handiest sketches and speculations. plenty of what we realize of him comes from tax information, prison documents, and secondhand resources.
Leonardo become born on April 15, 1452, within the city of Vinci. His father became Ser Piero, a notary; his mother, Caterina, came of a peasant family. They have been no longer married. The boy's uncle Francesco may additionally have had greater of a hand in his upbringing than with the aid of either of his mother and father. while Leonardo become about 15, he moved to the nearby city of Florence and have become an apprentice to the artist Andrea del Verrocchio. He was already a promising skills. while on the studio, he aided his master with his Baptism of Christ, and eventually painted his personal Annunciation. across the age of 30, Leonardo began his personal exercise, beginning work on the Adoration of the Magi; but, he soon deserted it and moved to Milan in 1482.
In Milan, Leonardo sought and gained the patronage of Ludovico Sforza, and soon started out paintings at the painting Virgin of the Rocks. After some years, he began work on a giant bronze horse, a monument to Sforza's father. Leonardo's layout is grand, but the statue was by no means completed. in the meantime, he become retaining scrupulous notebooks on some of research, such as creative drawings but additionally depictions of scientific topics starting from anatomy to hydraulics. In 1490, he took a younger boy, Salai, into his family, and in 1493 a lady named Caterina (most probably his mother) also came to live with him; she died some years later. round 1495, Leonardo started out his painting The closing Supper, which performed substantial achievement however started to go to pot physically almost straight away upon final touch. round this same time, Fra Luca Pacioli, the famous mathematician, moved to Milan, befriended Leonardo, and taught him better math. In 1499, while the French conquered Lombard and Milan, the 2 left the town together, heading for Mantua.
In 1500, Leonardo arrived in Florence, wherein he painted the Virgin and baby with Saint Anne. He become very interested in arithmetic at this time. In 1502, he went to paintings as leader navy engineer to Cesare Borgia, and additionally became familiar with Niccolo Machiavelli. After a 12 months he returned to Florence, where he contributed to the big engineering task of diverting the route of the River Arno, and additionally painted a massive war mural, the warfare of Anghiari, which changed into in no way completed, in large part because of troubles with the paints. In 1505 Leonardo probable made his first sketches for the Mona Lisa, however it is not regarded while he completed the painting.
In 1506, Leonardo traveled to Milan on the summons of Charles d'Amboise, the French governor. He became court painter and engineer to Louis XII and labored on a 2nd version of the Virgin of the Rocks. In 1507, he returned to Florence to engage in a legal war towards his brothers for his or her uncle Francesco's inheritance. in this identical year, he took the young aristocratic Melzi as an assistant, and for the relaxation of the last decade he intensified his research of anatomy and hydraulics. In 1513, he moved to Rome, wherein Leo X reigned as pope. There, he labored on mirrors, and likely the above self- portrait. In 1516, he left Italy for France, joining King Francis I in Amboise, whom he served as a wise philosopher for three years before his death in 1519.